Resistances. Journal of the Philosophy of History 2023-05-30T04:24:59+00:00 Isabel González Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Resistances</strong> (ISSN 2737-6222), is a refereed academic journal (double-blind), published under the continuous publication system in two issues per year (January-July and August-December) in Spanish, Portuguese, and English. Resistances is edited by the Centro de Investigaciones en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales de América Latina (CICSHAL-RELIGACIÓN), a center associated with CLACSO. The journal is inspired by the resistance experience of Dolores Cacuango, who promoted processes of struggle and political participation that allowed great advances in the achievement of the rights of peasants and indigenous people, and oppressed sectors of the region. This constitutes a reference to our intention to make visible and revalue a philosophical praxis committed to historical and social reality.</p> Epistemological knots for a history of the resistances of Southern feminisms 2023-01-31T01:57:04+00:00 Mariana Guerra Pérez Mariana Alvarado <p>Este texto se sitúa en la juntura de los feminismos del sur que señalaron el encubrimiento de la heterogeneidad de las mujeres indo-afro-latino-americanas. Desde las cadencias y los ritmos de las voces de mujeres de Nuestra América cuyos saberes interrumpen, disrumpen e intervienen muestra que los problemas del feminismo blanco burgués del norte no son los de todas las mujeres puesto que algunas mujeres escapan a la fragilidad femenina que justifica el paternalismo y los micromachismos dentro y fuera de la academia, incluso dentro y fuera de la misma clase, etnia o generación. Desde los feminismos del sur se propone habilitar un diálogo entre/con “las otras” de nosotras no sólo para articular teóricamente y coalicionar políticamente nudos epistémicos que pongan en crisis el modelo de la representación y con ello una revisión del punto de vista, sino también para desmontar, paralelamente desde la ontología relacional que suponen, el privilegio epistemológico, la violencia epistémica y el extractivisimo académico que ubica y posiciona a unas sobre otras en la reproducción de “las otras de nosotras”. A partir de los posicionamientos de María Lugones, Rita Segato, Aura Cumes, Lorena Cabnal y Julieta Paredes, se propone visibilizar los nudos epistemológicos venidos de los feminismos comunitarios e indígenas que habilitan ampliaciones metodológicas desde las que podrían configurarse una historia de las resistencias de las mujeres de Latinoamérica en la exterioridad de los paradigmas euronortecentrados.</p> 2023-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mariana Guerra Pérez, Mariana Alvarado Pre-natal child support obligation and the impact on the alleged parent’s rights 2023-05-30T04:24:59+00:00 Eliana Michelle Marín Cali Lisseth María Ramon Galarza Mónica Cecibel Gallegos Avendaño <p>This research work refers to the analysis of the prenatal maintenance obligation imposed by the competent authority on the alleged parent, without being certain of the true paternity of the same, however, this obligation is imposed, which is imposed according to the table of alimony from conception and up to twelve months after the child is born. In cases of false imputation of paternity, the Civil Code establishes that, in the case of intent to obtain food, the pecuniary compensation will be joint and several, leaving the presumed father totally defenseless so that he can exercise an action such as the repetition of payment either against the mother or the real father. Ecuadorian legislation does not take into account the conditions that are caused by the imposition of paternity without having any certainty since it not only affects the patrimony, but also the moral, honor and good name of the person before his family and the society. The methodology that we have used to develop the research was qualitative since different concepts, regulations, comparative legislation, among others, were collected and analyzed. With them we were able to demonstrate that there is a legal vacuum in cases of pecuniary restitution for the false imputation of paternity.</p> 2023-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Eliana Michelle Marín Cali, Lisseth María Ramon Galarza, Mónica Cecibel Gallegos Avendaño The “Loyal” Narrators. An Examination of Post-Graduate Theses on the Kurdish Conflict and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in Turkey 2023-02-08T03:36:11+00:00 Islam Sargi <p>The Kurdish question and the PKK have been among the topics that have gained massive importance for almost a century in politics, daily life, and among academics. The declaration of the PKK, the last ideological rebellion against the Turkish state, has translated the Kurdish problem into the problem of assimilation, nationalization, and standardization of the decades-long armed conflict between the Turkish army and the PKK. This article aims to present a discourse and content analysis of the master’s and doctoral dissertations that were submitted to the Turkish Higher Education Institution (YÖK) between 1999–2020 in Turkey. The paper focuses on how and in which context these researchers analyzed and formulated their findings on the PKK and the Kurdish conflict. The two basic theoretical concepts on which the study is based are the “embedded journalist” used in media studies and Antonio Gramsci’s “organic intellectual.” The main argument of this study is that the theses have become an affirmation apparatus that reproduces the official ideology of the state with slight differences and feeds it to the masses, and at the same time, due to their narrative that is built with the eyes of the state, they tend to be examples of embedded journalism rather than scientific studies.</p> 2023-04-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Islam Sargi Mattapoisett's utopia as a current future 2023-02-28T17:44:46+00:00 Susana del Rosario Castañeda Quintero <p>This research aims to review the novel Woman on the Edge of Time by Marge Piercy, originally written in 1976 and recently translated into Spanish, with the support of various theoretical approaches that have been made from feminisms and studies on gender and science fiction, to account for how this, like other texts of literature of the genre, are and have been a significant political tool to imagine other possible futures. The images of the future that have been developed in science fiction narrative, specifically in the so-called feminist science fiction, can be traced in contemporary plastic and audiovisual proposals that address social and environmental problems.</p> 2023-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Susana del Rosario Castañeda Quintero Symbiopoietic metamorphosis in Paul B. Preciado. From subjects to political symbionts 2023-02-28T19:47:27+00:00 Bryan Axt <p>This article investigates the different conceptions of “Subject” according to the theoretical <em>corpus</em> of the philosopher Paul B. Preciado. The analyzed categories are: the subjective and technical processes of social subjection and machinic enslavement in the pharmacopornographic era; the <em>Playboy</em> and petrosexracial subject; the Multitud, its multiple becomings and the micropolitics of resistance to oppression; the metamorphosis of subjects into revolutionary agents and political symbionts, postulated by Preciado in his most recent published book, <em>Dysphoria mundi</em>. How does Preciado articulate all these conceptions, also considering the lines of flight of submission, that is, the philosophical horizon of onto-epistemo-political resistance, metamorphosis and even the possible overcoming of capitalistic domination? The methodological procedures were based on bibliographical research (books, articles and chronicles), in order to highlight the contrast, similarities, differences and interstices between Preciado’s theory and his main references. The results obtained indicate a consistent linearity between categories, the challenges in materializing revolutionary theories in everyday reality, as well as practical strategies that contribute to the ontopolitical organization proposed by Preciado.</p> 2023-04-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Bryan Axt